After harvest and drying tobacco leafs are delivered in production centers all over the world. For tobacco is conceivable ageing up to three years in controlled conditions that favors to aroma improvement. Then tobacco is prepared for working and cigarette production. Dried and having become fragile leafs must be transported and moistened especially carefully; even in such a way true art of tobacco mixing becomes possible.
The main component of all cigarettes is tobacco. During cigarette production tobacco can be exposed to working with help of different additives and enriched with additional ingredients including sauces (substances that keep moisture and plasticity of tobacco leaf), preservatives and aromatizers typical for each brand of cigarettes. After cutting tobacco is kept in huge storage bins before starting cigarette production.
Cigarette production is superhigh-speed, highly-automated process: machines are able to produce cigarettes with speed from 8000 to 14000 pieces a minute. Tissue paper rolls with length till 6000 meters are unrolled and tobacco is placed on them. Paper with tobacco is rolled up in a straw, as a result of which is made long cigarette that is called "pivot". Machines cut this long "pivot" to shorter once, insert filters there and, finally, cut all these to separate cigarettes with filter. Each cigarette goes through three different stages of quality control of their structure. Then cigarettes are divided in lots according to package size, wrapping with foil that keeps their aroma and are parceled up in packs, cartons and chests.
In spite the fact that cigarette production is highly-automated process, no, even the most perfect machine will not be able to replace a real professional. Essential remains control after fabrication process: control of leafs' quality, tobacco mixing and quality assurance of finished products will never be possible to entrust to machines.