<p><b>From tobacco history. Part 1</b></p> <p>Till the end of 15th century, probably, nobody knew, except aboriginal from American continent. Archaeological excavations have shown that 4000 years ago, but maybe even earlier, North American Indians have already consumed tobacco. In ancient civilizations to tobacco smoke was attributed magic healing properties.</p> <p>Word "tobacco", maybe, origins from the island name Tobago. According to Spanish seamen evidences that arrived on October 15th 1492 with Columbus expedition to the shore of the present Central America, with word "tobacco" local people called big rolled leafs intended for ritual smoking. Later Spaniards and Portuguese have imported tobacco leafs and seeds in Europe and, in spite of prohibition the Inquisition, Europeans also begun to cultivate tobacco. French ambassador at Portugal court Jean Nicot in 1560 has sent a little of tobacco to queen Catherine Medici, recommending it as migraine remedy. Soon after this vogue for snuff tobacco has spread thorough entire France. In Nicot honor plant got Latin name Nicotiana, but alkaloid extracted from it at the beginning of 19th century - correspondingly "nicotine".</p> <p>From the second part of 16th century tobacco begun quickly to acquire popularity as medical plant, almost panacea. Tobacco was sniffed, smoked through pipes, chewed, mixed with different substances and consumed to cure chill, headache and toothache, skin and infection diseases.</p> <p>In 1580 English aristocrat, heavy smoker, seaman and poet, Sir Walter Raleigh has created tobacco plantation in Ireland, but later - several more, on American colonial territories. One of them he named "Virginia" what afterwards gave name to the most spread sort of tobacco.</p> <p>At he beginning of 17th century on the territory of modern America, basically in English colonies, appeared also other tobacco plantations. In 1611 such plantation was creates in Virginia by Englishman John Ralph.</p>